Tallahatchie National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1991 and consists of 4,199 acres in Grenada and Tallahatchie Counties. Like many areas in the Mississippi Delta, the lands which form Tallahatchie NWR are relatively flat and have been extensively cleared and drained for agriculture. Since these lands were acquired by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 1,300 acres have been removed from agricultural production and reforested with native hardwood species. Today, the refuge’s largest unit is a patchwork of old fields and small scattered hardwood bottomland forests bisected by the meandering Tippo Bayou.